How high liver enzymes can Save You Time, Stress, and Money.
Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can lead to both acute and chronic hepatitis, varying in intensity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, life long illness.
What is Hepatitis C
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Globally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A critical number of those who are chronically infected will get cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die yearly from hepatitis C, mostly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral drugs can cure greater than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, thereby reducing the threat of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this field is ongoing.
Acute vs Chronic Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both chronic and acute infection. Acute HCV infection is usually asymptomatic, and is only very hardly (if ever) connected with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will develop chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your largest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this tireless, supersized organ is vulnerable to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver
NAFLD is defined as the presence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most commonplace liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can result in an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can lead to scarring of the liver; severe scarring, fatty liver cure called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking way fatty liver cure too much alcohol can cause fat escalation in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main cause is surplus weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is associated with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a frequent diet of more processed foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, as well as liver mass more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. Still, she adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk aspects, which reveals that genes can play a critical role.
Establishing healthy eating habits isn't as challenging or as limiting as many people imagine. The important steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Kickoff on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.